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Hawaiian Land Divisions

SUBHEAD: A new way to access the Moku and Ahupuaa divisions of the islands of Hawaii.

By Juan Wilson on 30 January 2012 for Island Breath -
(last modified 10 September 2014)
(http://www.islandbreath.org/mokupuni/mokupuni.html)

For resource maps by S. P. Kalama uploaded 9/5/14 see IB Publisher's note below.

Mokupuni O Kahoolawe
Image above: Ka Mokupuni o Kahoolawe showing Moku and Ahupuaa divisions.

The traditional land divisions of pre-contact Hawaiians was based on the sustainability and self-reliance within community watershed areas (ahupuaa) as well as within bioregions (moku) and lastly individual sovereign islands (mokupuni).  These natural  land divisions  were the  result of the flow of water over the land.

Of course, boundaries were also determined by the political influence and power. We have, to the degree possible, ignored the land divisions based on conquest and private ownership, and kept to the relation of Hawaiians to the aina itself.

In 2007
Jonathan Jayn and I began an effort to map the bioregions and watersheds of Kauai and resolve them with the traditional Hawaiian parallels of mokus and auhupaas.

This map work attracted the attention of
Ileialoha Beniamina, chairwoman of the Aha Kiole Advisory Committee. The Advisory Committee was supported by the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Council (uncer National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admonistration of the Department of Commerce)

After the mapping of Kauai was completed the  Western Pacific Regional Fishery engaged me to map all the Hawaiian Islands in a similar manner.

In 2010 I did a detailed survey using historical documents, early Hawaiian Maps, USGS survey maps, the support of the Aha Keole Advisory Committee, The Western Pacific Regional Fishery Council, The Kauai Historic Society, and individual accounts by individuals such as Ileialoha Beniamina.

Applied to these sources
I, with help from Jonathan Jay, used the geography of the islands based on 3D GoogleEarth elevations and USGS map data as well as the State of Hawaii GIS data on watersheds, streams and contours. This information was used to tie the traditional information to modern geographic modeling that describe the flow of water over the land.

Jonathan Jay was responsible for the research on Kahoolawe and consulted on other islands as well. I was responsible for all finished map graphics and the subsequent udates.


The resulting work produced files available to the public that include GoogleEarth files, PDF plot files for producing 24"x36" maps, as well as high-resolution bitmap (PNG raster image) files and geographic information system SHP files compatible with Arcview.

After their first report was finished and the maps were completed, the Aha Kiole Advisory Committee became the Aha Moku Council.

Links to those files, by individual islands, are available below. The files can be used for non-commercial use by the public.

If you choose to use these files or publish them, please give credit to the source "IslandBreath.org 2014". Please do no alter these files without consultation and permission. If commercial use is desired, for example selling printed maps,  contract us for arrangements.

Juan Wilson
www.IslandBreath.org
juan@islandbreath.org
(808) 335-0733
PO Box 949 Hanapepe, Hawaii, 96716-0949


Mokupuni O Hawaii


Image above: Detail of Hawaii (Big Island) traditional land divisions. Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (60MB) modified 11/7/13
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (60MB) modified 11/7/13
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (10MB) modified 10/24/13
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (1MB) modified 11/7/13
Mokupuni O Maui


Image above: Detail of Maui  traditional land divisions.
Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (7MB) modified 1/13/11
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (49MB) modified 5/8/14
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (14MB) modified 5/8/14
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (1MB) modified 1/27/12
Mokupuni O Molokai


Image above: Detail of Molokai  traditional land divisions. Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (11MB) modified 11/18/10
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (20MB) modified 11/1/11
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (6MB) modified 11/1/11
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (.4MB) modified 1/27/12
Mokupuni O Lanai


Image above: Detail of Lanai  traditional land divisions. Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (7MB) modified 11/18/10
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (30MB) modified 8/3/10
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (8MB) modified 11/1/11
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (.2MB) modified 1/27/12
Mokupuni O Kahoolawe


Image above: Detail of Kahoolawe traditional land divisions. Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (2MB) modified 11/18/10
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (11MB) modified 8/3/10
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (3MB) modified 11/1/11
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (.2MB) modified 1/27/12

Mokupuni O Oahu


Image above: Detail of Oahu  traditional land divisions. Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (25MB) modified 2/7/14
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (42MB) modified 2/7/14
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (16MB) modified 2/7/14
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (1.6MB) modified 2/7/14
Mokupuni O Kauai


Image above: Detail of Kauai  traditional land divisions. Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (15MB) modified 5/6/14
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (41MB) modified 5/6/14
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (13MB) modified 5/6/14
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (.4MB) modified 5/6/14
Mokupuni O Niihau


Image above: Detail of Niihau  traditional land divisions. Click to see whole island.

Available Downloads:
GoogleEarth file .KMZ (2MB) modified 11/18/10
24"x36" Plotfile .PDF (10MB) modified 8/3/10
Hi Rez Raster File .PNG (3MB) modified 11/1/11
Arcview GIS files .SHP ZIP (.4MB) modified 1/27/12
Access to 3D GoogleEarth Window

SUBHEAD: Hawaiian land divisions of Niihau. About 1 minute to load. HAWAIIMAUIMOLOKAILANAIKAHOOLAWEOAHUKAUAINIIHAU

For background see:


IB Publisher's Note:
This article has been updated with links to high resolution images of S. P. Kalama's 1837 and 1838 maps of  Na Mokupuni O Hawaii Nei (the Hawaiian Islands). These were the only comprehensive maps known created by a Hawaiian to map the islands before the Great Mahele and the following introduction of private land ownership.

  Map above: Kalama Map of 1837. Click to enlarge to 5821  4067 pixels.

  Map above: Kalama Map of 1838. Click to enlarge to 13236  8698 pixels.

Pau



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